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The official census day was January 1, 1920 and this census counted 106,021,537 people. Unlike the 1910 Census, it did not contain questions about the duration of marriage, Confederate or Union military service, number of children, or unemployment. For the first time, American Samoa, Guam, and the Panama Canal Zone were included in a census.
The 1920 census asked questions about each person in the following areas:
- Relationship to head-of-household
- Name of street and number of house
- Color (race)
- Marital status
- Number of years in the U.S.
- Birthplace of father and mother
- Whether parents were of foreign birth
- Whether able to read or write, speak English or attended school within the previous year